Dubai: About 24 kilometres from the Burj Khalifa on the edge of the desert is a growing housing and retail community that would look more at home in Beijing than Dubai: Stores and restaurants have Chinese signs and a huge dragon sculpture adorns the Dragon Mart shopping mall. After pouring billions of dollars into cities including London, New York and Sydney, individual investors and developers in China are expanding into Dubai. About a 1,000 individual Chinese investors spent Dh1.3 billion on land, residential units and office real estate in Dubai last year, according to data from Dubai Land Department. That is a nearly three-fold increase from the Dh486 million spent by 288 Chinese investors the previous year.
Overall, property transactions by individuals in the emirate climbed 53 per cent last year to Dh236 billion, with foreign investors buying Dh114 billion of land and property. “Dubai is becoming more and more known by the Chinese people,” says Wang Liao, owner of Dubai based Atomic Properties, a broker that predominantly caters to Chinese buyers and is located a short walk from Dragon Mart.
Chinese investors and developers weren’t very active before 2009, when Dubai was hit by a real estate crisis. But they now play an increasingly important role.
Demand from individual buyers is helping launch new developments and fuelling Dubai’s residential recovery, while Chinese contractors and banks are revitalising high-profile projects that stalled in the previous boom. The market looked a lot different in 2009, when Dubai World said it would stop making debt repayments, shocking global financial markets and sparking a drop in residential house prices of more than 50 per cent.
While residential prices rose by about 35 per cent last year, they still are 20 per cent off their previous peak. In prime commercial property, the market aimed at medium-to-large corporations, prices are projected to rise by about 10 per cent in 2014, after a 5-to-7 per cent increase last year, according to Knight Frank.
Indians, Britons, Pakistanis and Saudis were the biggest foreign purchasers in the previous boom, and again make up the largest portion of buyers. But Chinese investors are now one of the fastest-growing buyers in the market, according to the Land Department.
Built in 2004, Dragon Mart was developed by Nakheel, one of Dubai’s biggest government-owned developers. It has become such a popular mall that Nakheel is now adding 1.9 million square feet of retail space and a hotel.
Around this retail destination, a Chinese community has sprung up in International City, also built by Nakheel. The developer estimates that half the population of about 100,000 in International City is from China.
What’s more, about half a new development of about a 1,000 townhouses has been sold to Chinese investors, according to Ali Rashid Lootah, chairman of Nakheel. “They have bought in other areas, but not as much as International City,” Lootah adds.
Many wealthy Chinese find Dubai attractive partly because they believe they can achieve returns of as much as 30 per cent annually — better than Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing, where real estate markets are cooling.
“The prices in Dubai are much lower than in China,” said Joan Chang, a resident of the UAE who is originally from Shanghai. She manages her and her husband’s portfolio of five one- and two-bedroom apartments throughout the emirate and is looking to purchase a villa.
In 2020, Dubai will host World Expo, a six-month trade fair that analysts forecast will boost the emirate’s economy and increase real estate prices. “This is the main advantage Dubai has in the future,” Chang adds.
Underpinning Chinese residential investment are greater commercial trade ties between the UAE and China, noticeably in commercial real estate. Chinese developers, both private and state-owned, are expanding throughout the world as they seek stable returns outside their slowing home market.
Last year in Dubai, state-owned China State Construction Engineering Corp bought an undisclosed stake in the $1 billion Viceroy Hotel on the Palm Jumeirah. It created a joint venture development company with Dubai-based developer SKAI Holdings to build and manage the project, and helped the venture win $201 million (Dh738 million) in financing from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, according to executives at China State Construction and SKAI.
China State Construction is known for building some of the highest-profile works in China, including the national swimming centre in Beijing known as the Water Cube and Hong Kong International airport. But now it is expanding overseas and moving into development, rather than solely construction.
In December, it bought New York-based Plaza Construction for an undisclosed sum and it is building a $3.4 billion casino and resort in the Bahamas. It also has a number of significant contracts in Abu Dhabi.