Foreign Affairs

ANKARA, Turkey, The presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran vowed to secure the territorial integrity of Syria, during a trilateral summit in Ankara on Wednesday.

The trio also called for "a lasting ceasefire between the conflicting parties" in the talks on the Syrian crisis, according to a joint statement, released following the summit.

The three countries also stressed their joint determination to speed up efforts to "ensure calm on the ground and protect civilians" in Syria, after talks on the future of the country.

Meanwhile, the leaders called on the international community, particularly the United Nations and its humanitarian agencies, "to increase assistance to Syria by sending additional humanitarian aid, facilitating humanitarian mine action, restoring basic infrastructure assets, including social and economic facilities, and preserving historical heritage."

The summit brought together two powers which have been Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's most forceful supporters, Iran and Russia, and one of his strongest opponents, Turkey.

Cooperation between the rival camps raised hopes of stabilising Syria after seven years of conflict, in which 500,000 people have been killed with half the population displaced.

Russian President, Vladimir Putin, told reporters, after the summit that, the Daesh "retains its destructive potential to attack in different regions across the globe" despite its defeat in Syria.

Meanwhile, Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan insisted that Ankara-led "Operation Olive Branch" in northern Syria, aims to fight the Kurdish militia, as it poses a threat to Turkey.

Erdogan also expressed Ankara's readiness to take action in the northern Syrian city of Tal Rifaat, along with Russia and Iran, to build its peaceful environment.

For his part, Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, accused the United States of trying to use the jihadists of the al-Nusra Front and the Daesh as tools in the region, saying, the Syrian conflict has no military resolution.

Syria's army and Iran-backed militias, along with Russian air power, have crushed insurgents in Eastern Ghouta of Syria's capital, Damascus.

Turkey, which has sharply criticised the Ghouta offensive by the Syrian government, has launched a major military operation, to drive Kurdish fighters from the north-western Syrian region of Afrin.

It vows to capture the town of Tel Rifaat and push further east, which has angered Iran, which has helped Assad's army fight rebel advances, and risked a confrontation with the U.S., which has special troops there.

Ankara's relations with Moscow collapsed in 2015, when Turkey shot down a Russian war plane but recovered later. Their improved political ties have been reflected in Turkey's agreement to purchase a Russian missile system and plans for Russia's ROSATOM, to build Turkey's first nuclear power plant.

The first tripartite summit was held in Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi on Nov 22, 2017, to discuss progress made in the Astana peace talks and changes in deescalation zones across Syria.

A third trilateral summit of Russian, Turkish and Iranian leaders is expected to be held in the coming months, in Tehran.

Source: Nam News Network