UNICEF Syria Crisis – Humanitarian Situation Report (Refugees): Reporting Period: 1 January to 31 December 2022



  • In 2022, protection services offered by a network of 83 UNICEFsupported child and adolescent-friendly spaces, benefitted 355,285 individuals, including 225,762 children across Türkiye.


  • In Lebanon, UNICEF continued its vaccination campaign with 31,627 children vaccinated against Measles and 46,534 vaccinated against Penta 3.


  • With UNICEF support, 2,513 children with disabilities (51 per cent female) benefitted from Inclusive Education (IE) services in schools in Jordan.


  • In Iraq, UNICEF provided access for Syrian refugees living in camps to the baby hut initiative, which creates an enabling environment for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, IYCF (Infant and Young Child Feeding) counselling and nutrition status monitoring.


  • In Egypt, UNICEF and Ain Shams University provided blended learning and digital training for a total of 763 teachers, out of which 192 were of Syrian nationality




Funding Overview and Partnerships


In 2022 UNICEF needed US$ 223 million to continue enabling access to and provision of critical services to already more than four million refugees and migrants, as well as to vulnerable host communities in Türkiye in response to the impact of the prolonged Syria refugee crisis and to new emerging challenges including the COVID-19 pandemic aftermath and the Ukraine crisis. Since the beginning of the year, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), the Governments of Germany, Norway, the USA, the Qatar Charity and the National Committees in Türkiye and Sweden have generously contributed to UNICEF Türkiye’s refugee response, which contributes to covering 77 per cent of the 2022 overall needs.


Taking into account funding carried forward from 2021, the overall gap in 2022 is 13 per cent, with the majority of available support still strictly earmarked which does not allow for the required flexibility and long-term planning for the smooth implementation of the humanitarian-development nexus in Türkiye.


UNICEF expresses its sincere gratitude to all public and private donors for their generous contributions and is willing to continue exploring new avenues for collaboration, aiming to provide much-needed support and access to critical services to the hardest-to-reach children and their families.


Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs


The situation for more than 3.5 million Syrian refugees in Türkiye, including almost 1.6 million children, as well as 320,000 refugees and asylum seekers of other nationalities, of whom at least 140,000 are children2 , remains challenging.


Türkiye also remains a leading transit country for registered and unregistered refugees and migrants on the move. As of end of December 2022, nearly 50,000 people were rescued or apprehended by Turkish authorities at sea borders. Syrians, Yemenis and Afghans constitute the topthree nationalities among sea border apprehensions/ rescues.3


Over 400,000 school-aged refugee children are still out of school and do not have any access to education opportunities. They are one of the most vulnerable groups in Türkiye, facing multiple child protection risks, including psychosocial distress, child labour, child marriage and other forms of exploitation and abuse.



Source: UN Children’s Fund

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