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Economic growth picks up across Europe

Brussels: Economic growth across the Eurozone was stronger than expected at the end of 2013, according to official figures released on Friday, raising hopes the recovery is gaining a foothold.

Gross domestic product grew 0.3 per cent in the October-December period from the previous quarter, according to Eurostat, the European Union’s statistics office. That amounts to an annualised rate of about 1.2 per cent.

In the third quarter, growth was only 0.1 per cent across the bloc, which counted 17 members before Latvia joined this year.

“While still far from dynamic, it is a step back in the right direction,” said analyst Howard Archer of IHS Global Insight.

The Eurozone’s recovery is important to the world economy as Europeans are big buyers of goods from the United States and Asia. Uncertainty over the bloc’s financial future in recent years weighed on global growth.

The Eurozone came out of recession at the beginning of 2013 as it started emerging from a five-year financial crisis but continues to suffer from high unemployment of 12 per cent. A strong euro is still hurting its exporters and governments are more focused on cutting debt than investing.

The Eurozone’s fourth quarter results — marking the third consecutive expansion — beat analysts’ expectations of a quarterly rate of 0.2 per cent. The uptick was largely driven by higher-than-expected growth in the bloc’s biggest economies, namely Germany, France and Italy.

Analyst Chris Williamson of Markit said the growth added to recent data showing “the Eurozone’s recovery has moved up a gear.”

Italy’s quarterly growth rate of 0.1 per cent marked the country’s first positive growth result since 2011. The stock market in Milan opened higher on the news, even though the country’s prime minister, Enrico Letta, resigned yesterday.

Germany’s economy grew by 0.4 per cent in the fourth quarter, while France’s saw an uptick of 0.3 per cent.

Growth in the Netherlands was a strong 0.7 per cent, and the economies in crisis-hit countries like Spain and Portugal also showed new signs of life, growing by 0.3 per cent and 0.4 per cent.

“Not only has the pace of growth picked up to the fastest since the second quarter of 2011, but the recovery is also becoming more broad-based, encompassing core and so-called ‘periphery’ countries alike,” said Williamson.

The figures also showed the economy of the wider 28-nation EU, which includes members like Britain that do not use the euro, grew by 0.4 per cent compared with the previous quarter.

For the whole of 2013, the figures showed that the recovery is still at an early stage. The eurozone’s GDP fell by 0.4 for the full year, while the EU-28 eked out growth of 0.1 per cent.